History of the Spring

The definition of a spring is: A spring is an elastic object used to store mechical energy.


There are two types of springs: a coiled spring and a non-coiled spring. The non-coiled spring has been around since prehistory. The first springs were not made out of metal, but were made of a string of wood. A great example of a non-coiled spring is a bow and arrow. The energy which is coming free when the arrow is unloaded, can be considered as one of the first examples of the spring technology.


In the Bronze Age more sophisticated spring devices were used. In many culturs they used in that time tweezers.This is also an example of spring technology. Ctesibius of Alexandrië (285-222 BC) developed a method to make bronze alloy with spring-like characteristics with an increased proportion of tin, and then hardening it by hammering after it is cast. He tried to develop a kind of leafspring for a military catapult. He didn't succeed. But one century later Philo of Byzantium succeeded to make this.


About 1250, In the Middle Ages, a power saw devised by Villard de Honnecourt used a water wheel to push the saw blade in one direction, simultaneously bending a pole; as a pole returned to its unbent state, it pulled the saw blade in the opposite direction. Around 1300 spring technology was used in chariots. The complex suspension system of springs and shock absorbers had advantages in structural dynamics, ride quality and safety.


Around 1493 Leonardo Da Vinci used for the first time a spring in a pistol. He designed a spring that would allow a firearm to be triggered with just one hand. Nowadays spring technology is used in many military weapons. 

In 1675 the Dutch inventor Christian Huygens developed the balance spring for portable timekeeper at the same time Rober Hooke claimed the same invention. 


In 1763 R. Tredwell was issued the first patent for the coil spring. The main advantage of coil springs was that they did not have to be spread apart and the lubricated periodically to keep them from squeeking, as leafsprings did.


During the Industrial Revolution in 1857 the first spring of springsteel was coiled. It was first patented in America for use in a chair seat in. Since the Industrial Revolution the development of Spring Technology went quick. Nowadays you see the springtechnology back in shoes and trampolines, in bikes and cars, in Jet skis and Golf balls...etc.


Today springs are a great help in the Automotive Industry. Springs are used in every type of machinery. The world would not be like this if there has been no spring technology. Without the Spring Technology the development of our world would not been that hard. 



To recieve newsletters